# 代写report | 代写Data structure | Algorithm代做 | c++代写 | 代做C语言 – Data Structures and Algorithms

### Data Structures and Algorithms ### Data Structures and Algorithms

#### Part 1: Multiple-choice questions (20 questions, 2 marks each)

1. Which of the following traversals yields BADEC?
``````A
/ \
B C
/ \
D E
``````
``````a. only in-order
b. only level order
c. only post-order
d. only pre-order
e. pre-order and level order
f. in-order and level order
g. none of the above
``````
1. Which of the following is a post-order traversal of the BST?
``````a. ACEDB
b. ABDCE
c. BDECA
d. EDCBA
g. one of the above
``````
1. Given current (a reference to a list node), which statement may insert an item x correctly after the node referenced by current?
``````a. current = new ListNode( x, current );
b. current.next = new ListNode( x, current.next );
c. current.next() = new ListNode( x, current );
d. current.next() = new ListNode( x, current.next );
e. current = new ListNode( x, current.next );
f. current.next = new ListNode( x, current );
g. none of the above
``````
1. Two sorting algorithms whose worst-case running times are in O(n log n) are
``````a. merge-sort, Shellsort
b. heap-sort, quicksort
c. heap-sort, Shellsort
``````
``````d. insertion sort, merge-sort
e. heap-sort, merge-sort
f. merge-sort, quicksort
g. none of the above
``````
1. The subarray of length 7 shown below is about to be partitioned by quicksort.
``````6 8 4 5 3 1 7
``````
``````The pivot is selected by the safe choice; that is, it will be the middle element, 5. The pivot is
then swapped with the last element, 7, and partitioning starts. At the end of partitioning, the pivot
is swapped into place. At this point the state of the subarray is
``````
``````a. 1 3 4 5 6 8 7
b. 1 3 4 5 8 6 7
c. 1 4 3 5 6 8 7
d. 1 4 3 5 8 6 7
e. 1 3 4 5 6 7 8
f. 1 3 4 5 7 6 8
g. none of the above
``````
1. Recursion is sometimes preferred to iteration because it
``````a. is generally faster than iteration.
b. requires less memory space.
c. is based on proof by contradiction.
d. may increase the complexity of the solution.
e. is rooted in transfinite induction.
f. is based on the pigeonhole principle.
g. none of the above
``````
1. Linked lists are often implemented with a dummy header node to
``````a. reduce the execution time of the list operations.
b. fulfill the specifications of the list ADT.
c. identify the beginning of the list.
d. be able to access the first element in Q (1) time.
e. reduce code complexity.
f. save memory space.
g. none of the above
``````
1. When an unordered list of n keys is searched sequentially for given key values, the average number of key comparisons made by an unsuccessful search is
``````a. n
b. log n
c. n/
d. n log n
e. n + n^2
f. n^2 log n
g. 2n
``````
1. Which Data structure would you use in writing a program to check for balanced parentheses?
``````a. binary search tree
b. hash table
c. priority queue
d. queue
e. stack
f. list
g. none of the above
``````
1. Which of the following functions is not O(log(N))?
``````a. log ( log( N ) )
b. 1000 + log( N )
c. 1000 log( N )
d. log( 1000 N )
e. log( N^2 )
f. 1000 log( 1000 N^1000 )
g. all of the above are O(log(N))
``````
1. A nd ten more questions in Part 1 on the final examination. …

#### Part 2: Fill the blank questions (10 blanks, 3.5 marks each)

1. Given data structure D that represents connected nodes N1, N2, and N3 shown in the (real) examination question. Write pseudo-code in (blank 1) to implement the function of changing the connection between given nodes N1, N2, and N3. The running time of the function is (blank 2)
2. Given a stack of integers, S, a queue of integers, Q, and the following a series of stack and queue operations.
``````S.push(11);
S.push(12);
S.push(36);
Q.enqueue(S.pop());
Q.enqueue(S.pop() );
Q.enqueue(25);
Q.mult();
``````
``````Method add() pops the stack twice and pushes the sum of the two popped items back onto the
stack. Method mult() dequeues two elements from the queue and enqueues their product in the
same queue. If initially S and Q are empty, then after the above sequence of messages the content
of queue Q (in front-to-rear order of the queue elements) is (blank 3)
``````
1. And eight more questions in Part 2.

#### Part 3: Short-answer questions (3 questions, 5 marks each)

1. Explain the concept of binary search tree.
2. And two other concept-related questions

#### Part 4: Programming question (10 marks)

1. Describe, in pseudo-code, an Algorithm for finding a node with a specific data value in a given data structure type by means of a given traversal method starting from a specific node.
``````Please note, your real examination question will provide specific data values, data
structure (type), required traversal method, and a specific node to be searched based on the
algorithm you will implement in pseudo-code.
``````